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Topic Summary: Failure to become pregnant within 1 year despite couples having regular and unprotected intercourse infertility or as it is known among the public, it is defined as infertile. There are different reasons that affect the disease, which is a very common health problem today.

The disease, which prevents childbearing, is as common in men as it affects women. Causes of infertility It is mostly caused by unhealthy living conditions and malnutrition.

What is Infertility?

Infertility is defined in medical terms when a couple has regular and unprotected sexual intercourse every month for a year and the woman does not become pregnant. In order for people under the age of 35 to have infertility, they must have regular and unprotected intercourse for 1 year, while couples over the age of 35 must have regular and unprotected intercourse for 6 months to prevent pregnancy.

Infertility can occur from both men and women. The number of infertile couples is increasing today due to reasons such as stressful life, unhealthy diet and smoking habit. Two out of every 10 married couples seek medical help because they cannot have children.


Urology Specialist Op. Dr. Serhat Dönmezer Answered Questions About Infertility

Many couples around the world and in Turkey cannot have children naturally, even though they want to. The increasingly common problem of infertility is due to reasons related to the woman or the man. Equally common in both men and women infertility The problem is treated after determining what causes it.

After determining the causes of infertility in both men and women, infertility treatment is applied to the patient. Treatment options applied to the patient; egg rejuvenation, vaccination, microinjection, egg freezing, embryo shaving, assisted budding, mitochondria transfer. To get detailed information about the causes and treatment methods of infertility, consult Urology Specialist Op. Dr. You can consult Serhat Dönmezer.

What Causes Infertility?

Infertility, which has many different causes, can occur from men or women. Women lose their fertility characteristics as they get older. The decrease in fertility manifests itself especially after the age of 38. The effect of age on infertility in men is not very significant. Causes of infertility genel olarak erkek ve kadınlar arasında %50 – %50 görülür.


What are the Causes of Female Infertility?

The most common causes of infertility in women include tube blockage, chocolate cyst, ovulation disorders and early menopause. depends on woman causes of infertility can be listed as follows;

  • Damage and blockage in the tubes,
  • Having an irregular menstrual cycle,
  • Decreased ovarian reserve,
  • Obstructed fallopian tubes,
  • Ovulation disorders,
  • uterine myomas,
  • intra-abdominal adhesion,
  • thyroid problems,
  • Obesity,
  • Excessive alcohol and cigarette use are also among the factors that cause infertility in women.
causes of infertility

What are the Causes of Male Infertility?

The most common cause of male infertility is poor fertilization. There are many factors that affect poor fertilization. The most common causes of male infertility are; Abnormal sperm production, function and disorders in sperm. The causes of infertility in men can be listed as follows;

  • Sperm structural problems,
  • channel blockages,
  • Sperm cannot come out and is discharged into the bladder,
  • hormonal reasons,
  • genetic diseases,
  • Enlargement of the veins leading to the testicle (varicocele formation)
  • Diabetes,
  • infections,
  • Excessive smoking or alcohol consumption,
  • Factors such as stress are among the problems that cause infertility in men.

What are the symptoms of infertility?

The exact symptom of infertility is not known exactly. The patient may be infertile due to many factors. Ksymptoms of bite between; Findings such as menstrual irregularities or no menstruation, milk discharge from the breasts if not pregnant, excess weight and hormone disorder, problems with erection and ejaculation in men, pain and swelling in the testicles, and too little semen in men can be shown as symptoms of infertility. However, some tests must be performed to definitively diagnose the patient with infertility.


How to Diagnose Infertility?

In order to diagnose the patient as infertile, an examination is required first. It is generally recommended that couples apply together to make the diagnosis. Different tests are performed on men and women to diagnose infertility. In male patients, the penis and testicles are primarily examined. For women, a gynecological examination is performed. The person's ovaries and uterus are examined with ultrasonography. In the light of the data obtained after the examination results and tests performed on both male and female patients, the problem related to the reproductive systems is determined and infertility diagnosis is made. 

How to Treat Infertility?

There are many different causes of infertility. Infertility treatment is performed after the cause of infertility is determined. In vitro fertilization treatment, one of the assisted reproductive treatment methods, is recommended for some couples. The most well-known infertility treatment is in vitro fertilization. In this treatment, fertilization is achieved by combining the male reproductive cell sperm and the female reproductive cell egg in a laboratory environment. After fertilization, the embryo formed is deposited into the mother's uterus and pregnancy is achieved. Other types of treatment include; egg rejuvenation, vaccination, microinjection, egg freezing, embryo shaving, assisted budding, mitochondria transfer.


Frequently Asked Questions

Questions that infertility patients and their relatives wonder about: 

Can an infertile woman give birth to a child?

Infertility treatment is applied to a woman diagnosed as infertile in order to have children. After determining the patient's condition causing infertility, the appropriate treatment method is decided. If the treatment gives results, an infertile woman can have a child.

How to Tell Whether You Are Infertile While Single?

For men and women, a test can be performed to determine whether or not they are infertile while they are single. While men are single, tests to measure sperm quality and hormone tests are performed. For women, hormone tests and extracorporeal ultrasonography can be performed while single. infertility test can be done.

Is Infertility Treatment a Difficult Treatment?

Today, infertility treatments are very advanced and widespread. For this reason, infertility Treatment can be done much easier than before. Infertility treatment can be performed using ultrasounds under general anesthesia or by giving a very superficial anesthesia.  


What is the Success Rate of In Vitro Fertilization Treatment?

In light of the developments in technology, the chances of couples having a baby are quite high in the in vitro fertilization treatment applied to patients who cannot have a baby. Today, while the success rate of in vitro fertilization treatment has increased, the treatment has become less troublesome for couples. Patients who want to have children often resort to in vitro fertilization treatment under the guidance of their physicians.

How to Prevent Male Infertility?

In order to prevent infertility, the patient must make changes in his/her lifestyle. It is necessary to lose excess weight, exercise regularly, reduce stress, and avoid smoking and alcohol. In addition, environmentally harmful waste should be avoided and tight clothing should not be preferred.

What are the risk factors that cause infertility?

Many health problems in both men and women can cause infertility. Some risk factors affecting infertility: Reasons such as obesity, vaginismus, closed cervix, drug use, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are among the risk factors that affect infertility.

How to understand whether you are infertile or not?

Inability to conceive a child within 1 or 2 years despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse can be considered a symptom of infertility. 

In order to diagnose the patient as infertile, the patient must be examined by a physician and some tests must be performed. infertility To get detailed information about the disease, consult Urology Specialist Op. Dr. You can consult Serhat Dönmezer.

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